1.42 The situation is compounded by the lack of established mechanisms to replace short- and long-term absenteeism. While commanders may use ad hoc solutions such as temporary redeployment or service call coverage from neighbouring services, these absences may remain open for a long time. The RCMP risks overburdening the remaining peace officers in these divisions. 1.15 Many police forces take instructions from and respond to police councils. The RCMP is not, although it has discussed the issues with community leaders. In addition, the provisions of its police agreements require it to take into account the priorities of provinces, territories and municipalities and to hold them accountable on operational issues. Each division establishes an annual report in accordance with its provincial and territorial conventions. Overall, the RCMP is accountable exclusively to the federal government by the Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Prevention. 1.93 Recommendation. Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness Canada should clarify its political and programmatic responsibilities for Aboriginal policing in the North. This should include the question of whether First Nations police policy and community tripartite agreements apply to territories. 1.47 Training is an essential part of any policy.
To ensure that its peace officers are ready to perform their duties, the RCMP provides new cadets with six months of training at its Regina plant and an additional six months of workplace training. In addition, many mandatory and specialized trainings are provided on an ongoing basis by RCMP peace officers. Contract clients expect the RCMP to provide fully trained peace officers. In addition, the Canadian Labour Code (CLC) Part II – Occupational Safety and Health requires employers to offer health and safety programs to prevent accidents and health damage due to accidents and damage to health and accidents to which they are related or occur during employment. The provisions of Part II of the CLC also require employers to ensure that the health and safety of all employees employed by the employer is protected in the workplace. This involves the employer investigating, recording and reporting, among other things, dangerous incidents; Setting up health and safety committees and to enable training for staff. Since 2001, the RCMP has been required to comply with Part II of the CLC. 1.8 Since 1928, when the first provincial agreement was negotiated, the RCMP has been active in contract policing.
Today, each participating province and territory has a provincial -or territorial) police services agreement (PPSA or TPSA) whose conditions require the provinces to pay 70 per cent and the federal government to pay 30 per cent of the police costs. The current PPSA and GST agreements were signed in 1992 and are in effect until March 31, 2012. (See the pictures) Figure 1.8 summarizes the RCMP agreements for police services for Aboriginal communities at the time of our review. 1.3 The administration of justice within provincial and territorial boundaries, including the application of the penal code, falls within the constitutional jurisdiction of provincial and territorial governments. However, instead of creating their own police services, most provinces, territories and many municipalities award a contract for RCMP services. Contract policing has a budget of $1.6 billion per year, including 1.1 billion customers. Figure 1.1 shows where these services are provided.